Department of transportation dot federal aviation administration faa has analyzed the potential impacts of pegasus launches at rts in previous documents standard pegasuspegasus xl launches kwajalein missile range environmental analysis 1994, finding of no signi cant impact for orbital science corporation standard pegasuspegasus. White sands missile range wsmr is a united states army military testing area of almost 3,200 sq mi 8,300 km 2 in parts of five counties in southern new mexico. The kwajalein test center was officially established on 1 october 1960. Army kwajalein atoll usaka reagan test site kwajalein missile range. Space and missile defense command united states army. Hands across history white sands missile range museum. Erl effects range low fda food and drug administration fom facilities, operations, and maintenance fsp field sampling plan gis geographic information system icbm intercontinental ballistic missile kmr kwajalein missile range lnapl light nonaqueousphase liquid mcl maximum contaminant level mgkg milligram per kilogram. The frequency manager kwajalein missile range will be required to maintain an accurate database of all temporary and permanent assigned frequencies within 200 nautical miles of u.
Were unique in that its the only place where you can do exoatmospheric tests of longrange missiles, says bill congo of the army space and missile defense command in huntsville, alabama, which operates the kwajalein missile range. The contractor provides a myriad of services to range users, tenant agencies, and about 3,300 resident. Dod financial management regulation volume 2b, chapter 19 193 1903 major range and test facility base 190301 purpose a. With a billion dollars invested in kwajalein missile range kmr facilities and hundreds of millions flowing in. Kwajalein control facility kwajalein atoll, republic of. From the late 1950s to the beginning of sdi in 1983, research and development in ballistic missile defense was the purview principally of usasdcs predecessors. O n its fourth attempt the homing overlay experiment hoe intercepted a target vehicle over the pacific ocean the first successful hittokill intercept in ballistic missile defense history.
Navy conducted sixtyseven atmospheric nuclear tests in the northern marshall islands using kwajalein as a support base from 1946 to 1958. Phone directory with maps of kwajalein, roinamur, meck, illeginni, marshall islands nike zeus missle tests. A cyclist on kwajalein island rides a modified kwaj bike in a 1972 film. Now available is the most comprehensive book on the island of kwajalein ever written.
Thanks to a project headed by grant day and caitlin gilbert son of krs archaeology, as of june 2017, 10 new interpretive historical markers have been installed on kwajalein as part of an initiative that began in 2015. Ultimately, the significance of the kwajalein site to the armys interceptor test program resulted in the transfer of the site from the u. Pacific missile test center pmtc is the former name of the current naval air warfare center, weapons division. The ronald reagan ballistic missile defense test site, commonly referred to as the reagan test site formerly kwajalein missile range, is a missile test range in marshall islands pacific ocean. There were 2,500 permanent residents of kwajalein during our time on the project, including 1,200 employees of bechtel and lockheed martins kwajalein range services and more than 800 dependents. Oct 21, 2017 the story unfolds to include the science, history and geography of a 6000 nautical mile, 28 minute journey across the western test range from central california to the republic of the marshall. The radio frequency rf systems committee of the range commanders council telemetry group rcctg has prepared this document to assist in the development of improved rf telemetry transmitting and receiving systems in use on rccmember ranges. Rts includes radar installations, optics, telemetry, and communications equipment, which are used for ballistic missile and missile interceptor testing and space operations support. Us army kwajalein missile range telephone directory 1972. It covers the 19551972 portion of the larger period, and is organized into five interrelated and progressively more detailed chapters. Army kwajalein atoll, rmi, for coordination of frequency assignments and resolution of.
As missile reentryvehicle and spacesurveillance missions have developed at kmr, improvements in measurement. Army kwajalein atoll the kwajalein missile range and reagan test site are integral parts of it. Ronald reagan ballistic missile defense test site simple. Kwajalein atoll test site lighter marshall islands. The first part contains items of general information relative to life on the island. Army at the kwajalien missile range for the abm system. The united states and the marshall islands during the cold war. Armys premier ballistic missile defense test site at kwajalein, supporting deep space operations is an integral part of the pacific range. Project muse domestic containment in the marshall islands. Magistrate judge for the district of hawaii at kwajalein missile range, july 2, 2000. A dramatic event of 93 for kwajalein residents was the unexpected arrival of chinese nationals who were rescued from the panamanian ship, east wood, which had. In 1986, the compact of free association with the united states entered into force, granting the republic of the marshall islands rmi its sovereignty. Eventually a total of 42 flights would be carried out at white sands between 1965 and 1970. Minuteman iii missile testing from california to kwajalein.
Full text of us army kwajalein missile range telephone. Sensors at the ronald reagan ballistic missile defense test site rts at kwajalein atoll, republic of the marshall islands, located 2,300 miles southwest of hawaii, are controlled at the ronald reagan test ballistic missile defense test site operations center in huntsville. This is the second of two draft volumes on the history of strategic air and ballistic missile defense from 1945 to 1972. Full text of us army kwajalein missile range telephone directory 1972 see other formats. Feb 24, 2018 feb 24, 2018 pershing ii wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Of the 97 islands, 11 are leased by the united states. From 2002 to 2018, kwajalein range services, a partnership of bechtel national and lockheed martin, provided integrated range engineering and logistics services to manage and operate this crucial test site for the u. Improving logistical support at kwajalein missile range. This brochure presents information for use by personnel of the bell telephone laboratories, western electric company, and associated nikezeus contractors assigned to the nikezeus pacific missile range facility at kwajalein. The most important demonstration took place on 26 june 1962 with the first attempted intercept of an icbm fired from vandenberg afb to kwajalein, a distance of 4,500 miles. Army space and missile defense command 2003 nike zeus 19571964 safeguard systems command 19691974. Us army kwajalein missile range telephone directory 1972 by us army. The united states and the marshall islands during the cold war smithnorris, martha on.
Kwajalein was a support base for the nuclear program, and when that program came to an end, the atoll became an essential component in americas star wars strategic defense initiative. At kwajalein missile range the final phase of system tests to support software development was continued. Until the 1980s all missile defense interceptors used a nuclear explosive warhead to compensate for. The targets included one medium range ballistic missile, two short range ballistic missiles and two lowflying cruise missiles. Both programs have strong bipartisan support in congress. Testing then moved to kwajalein, but by this time sentinel had already given way to safeguard. The southernmost and largest island in the atoll is named kwajalein island, which its majority englishspeaking residents about 1,000 mostly u. History at kwajalein, as with most p aci c places, is like its reefs, the. The newsletter is intended to keep members of both groups informed about current events and. Space and missile defense command 2001present seize the high ground the army in space and missile defense by dr. Located some 2,100 miles southwest of hawaii, kwajalein island is the largest landmass in the kwajalein atoll in the marshall islands. Kwajalein hourglass tuesday july 11, 2000 page 6classified ads and community notices appointment of parttime u.
The test at kwajalein atoll on wednesday was designed to demonstrate the systems ability to defend against a raid of five nearly simultaneous threats, agency spokeswoman pamela rogers said. Although this military history has influenced the lives of the marshall islanders who have lived in the atoll through the war to the present, the military history of kwajalein has prevented tourism. Meteor shower characterization at kwajalein missile range. Kwajalein has one of five ground stations used in controlling the range that assist in the operation of the global positioning system gps navigational system. Richard and i both flew out to kwaj august of 1972. A guide to kwajalein pacific missile range facility. This year systems technology testing at the kwajalein missile range focused upon the key hardware and software associated with the, terminal ballistic missile defense system. The name of the center was the naval air missile test center prior to pmtc. Range operations control center rocc, located in building 1009, closed march 1993 after mroe than 30 years, and mission control moved to kwajalein mission control center adjunct. The first four caribous were leased from dehavilland by global associates for a contract to support the u. During the 1950s, there was much activity here as atomic testing was conducted at nearby bikini and enewetak atolls. It covers about 750,000 square miles 1,900,000 km 2 and includes rocket launch sites at the kwajalein atoll on multiple islands, wake island. Pershing ii wikipedia, the free encyclopedia pershing.
Ballistic missile defense the ballistic missile defense bmd program maintains the superiority of u. Chapter 2 rockets, communications and deploying ballistic. With the technical support of lincoln laboratory, now serving as scientific advisor to the site, the rts has been a critical contributor to the ballistic missile defense and space situational awareness national missions. Kwajalein atoll, rmi, for coordination of frequency assignments and resolution of reported interference. Kwajalein atoll has been leased by the united states for missile testing and other operations from well before independence for the marshall islands. They are part of the ronald reagan ballistic missile defense test site rts, formerly known as kwajalein missile range. Located 2,100 miles southwest of hawaii, the kwajalein atoll of some 100 tiny islands makes up part of the marshall islands. Kwajalein island is a part of the united states ronald reagan ballistic missile defense test site formerly kwajalein missile range.
Dec 04, 2016 during the cold war, the us military transformed the marshallese island kwajalein into a missile range to test intercontinental ballistic missiles. Kwajalein missile range marshall islands condition. The lim49a spartan was a united states army antiballistic missile, designed to intercept attacking nuclear warheads from intercontinental ballistic missiles at long range and while still outside the atmosphere. The lease is active from 20062066, with an option to renew for another 20 years. Kwajalein, a speck of an army base in the pacific ocean, is home to the ronald reagan ballistic missile defense test site and about 1,300 inhabitants. This chapter provides instructions applicable to budget formulation for the dod major range and. I have been able to get some information on the caribou operations at kwajalein. Kwajalein is the only facility in the world that can stage these intercontinental simulations. A new chapter in its history began in 1959, after kwajalein was selected to be the test site for the nikezeus anti missile program at the. Feb 24, 2016 kwajalein atoll ronald reagan ballistic missile defense test site. Both nonprofit organizations aim to preserve the accomplishments of white sands missile range. The safeguard system test program, which began at kwajalein missile range in 1970, was completed in august 1974 with the successful tracking of an icbm target nose cone by the missile site radar. Sprint missiles began testing at white sands missile range on 17 november 1965, using the zeus radars for tracking and guidance. For each test a minuteman missile was launched from vandenberg air force base in california carrying a single mock reentry vehicle targeted for kwajalein lagoon more than 4,000 miles 6,400 km away.
To recruit american knowledge workers who would move their families to the central pacific to operate the base, the military erected a suburban landscape on kwajalein. Krs archaeology is helping kwajalein residents, families and visitors see history a little more clearly. Featured texts all books all texts latest this just in smithsonian libraries fedlink us genealogy lincoln collection. Search the history of over 424 billion web pages on the internet. Ronald reagan ballistic missile defense test site at. Kwajalein atoll, marshallese face a hidden dimension of the arms race every day. The hands across history newsletter is published by the white sands missile range historical foundation and the white sands pioneer group wspg. A total of 52 system tests were completed as of 30 june 1974. Kwajalein atoll ronald reagan ballistic missile defense test site. Just another day in paradise, a history of kwajalein. Rich worked at kwajalein missile range kmr, kwajalein, republic of the marshall islands for contractor kentron hawaii, ltd 197274 and a 2nd tour in the 1980s, both for range communications department. Missile testing at kwajalein atoll, marshall islands. But the development of long range missile defenses requires a long range test range.
A brief flurry of activity supporting koreanwar operations in the early 1950s and weapons testing a few years later was followed by declining activity that resulted in the station being scheduled for closure. Kwajalein atoll ronald reagan ballistic missile defense. The kwajalein pipes and drums played amazing grace, the veterans organizations rifle squad fired a 21gun salute, and tim henstock, standing below the tall white cross, played taps on his trumpet. Meteor shower characterization at kwajalein missile range volume 12, number 1, 2000 lincoln laboratory journal 35 altair is located in the central pacific ocean on the island of roinamur in the kwajalein atoll, republic of the marshall islands, at 9 n latitude and 167 e longitude.
Dod financial management regulation volume 2b, chapter. Mar1 was based on the zar, and was the basis for the kwajalein missile site radar. Full text of us army kwajalein missile range telephone directory 1972. Today it is a major part of the ronald reagan ballistic missile defense test site, hosting several radar systems used for tracking and characterizing missile reentry vehicles rv and their penetration aids penaids. Kwajalein hourglass page 3 friday june 2, 2000 memorial plaque, standing beneath the flagpoles. Usakarts, located in the kwajalein atoll in the republic of the marshall islands rmi, is a dod major test range and facility base under the operational control u. Armys premier ballistic missile defense test site at kwajalein, supporting deep space operations is an. On 1 march 1975, the bmdatc received its own mission, to formulate and execute approved bmd programs of exploratory and advanced development in bmd technology within the guidance and direction of the bmd program manager. Moor is an island in the north part of the kwajalein atoll in the marshall islands. The military, money and misery in paradise andre vltchek on october 2007 i peered from a window of a boeing 737 approaching kwajalein atoll in the republic of the marshall islands rmi, pulled out my professional camera and began snapping photos of the enormous bay which serves as a missile range for the us star wars.
The largest military installation in the united states, wsmr and the 600,000acre 2,400 km 2 mcgregor range complex at fort bliss to the south. Logistical support at the kwajalein missile range in the marshall islands is provided through the services of a contractor, global associates, under the terms of a costplusawardfee incentive contract awarded by the armys ballistic missile defense systems command in huntsville, alabama. Missile site radars, 480 longrange spartan and 220 shortrange sprint interceptors at sites across the country. Kurt campbell, deputy assistant secretary for defense for the asiapacific region, reaffirmed this in testimony to congress in october 1998. The ronald reagan ballistic missile defense test site, commonly referred to as the reagan test site formerly kwajalein missile range, is a missile test range in the pacific ocean.
After the american capture of the atoll during world war ii, the navy made kwajalein a base. Of the fiftyfour tests conducted, fortyseven achieved test objectives, two were partially success26. Just another day in paradise, a history of kwajalein, marshall islands, describes in great detail the phenomenon of one of the most interesting islands in the world. Launch complex 38 originally army launch area five was the white sands missile range facility for testing the nike zeus antiballistic missile. The range encompasses a number of islands that are part of kwajalein atoll in the republic of the marshall islands. Four test launches were conducted in 1983 and 1984 at kwajalein missile range in the republic of the marshall islands. The community at kwajalein comprised a mixture of u. The overriding defence interest in the negotiations will be the continued use of the kwajalein missile range and the facilities on kwajalein atoll. Seize the high ground rockets, communications and deploying ballistic missile defense, 19581975. For actual deployment, a fivemegaton thermonuclear warhead was planned to destroy the incoming icbm warheads. From the creators of borshch by andriy pryymachenko, via behance from the creators of borshch is a project aimed to provoke interest in ukraines culture and history.
Chapter 3 communications, sensors, maintaining interest in. Long range missiles originating from california are routinely intercepted and destroyed over kwajalein by defensive missiles launched from the atoll. Ronald reagan ballistic missile defense test site wikipedia. It is located at naval base ventura county naval air. It covers about 750,000 square miles 1,900,000 km 2 and includes rocket launch sites at the kwajalein atoll on multiple islands, wake island, and aur atoll.1333 1324 567 1457 1044 327 179 791 998 1127 556 582 899 1233 1098 31 1237 1410 459 146 394 1466 995 34 575 1126 1277 1024 1008 713 512 456 247 984 546 978 1436 778 763 579 631 3 42 561 767 1216 200 880 727